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The key step in the sanitation movement is building enough toilets for it to be convenient for everyone. It is the most practical way of discouraging open defecation. If enough toilets are made available in the nooks and crannies of the country, most people would prefer going to a private toilet to relieve themselves. Roughly half of the rural population are estimated to lack proper access to sanitation, which leads to an alarming number of diseases along with it being a dehumanizing experience. Building well-functioning toilets in the rural areas is a quintessential step towards a sanitary country.
Introducing a new concept always takes some getting used to. Just building some toilets is surely a huge leap; however, it is equally crucial to initiate them to the idea of using the toilet. There should be a unit which can answer any queries and address any confusion regarding the usage of the lavatory. Showcasing how to use it properly is mandatory, as very few people will openly come in, wanting to know how to use a toilet, and avoid using it instead. Proper knowledge and instructions will warm them towards the idea of using the toilet eventually.
Keeping the toilets in a sanitary condition is a daily practice and it is important not to wait for a major problem to arise and keep it clean and maintained as a regular exercise. The people using the toilets should be adequately trained to take responsibility for cleaning the place after each usage. Giving them the accountability will encourage them to clean up after themselves and will help them steer away from any extreme cleanliness issue later on. Having maintenance unit will also greater benefit the toilet users, encouraging them to continue using the toilets for longer.
When things are no longer in a state to be maintained, special treatments need to be used to revive them to the former condition. If a toilet is used by multiple people, especially in case of public toilets, the toilets might have to be treated by professionals more often than usual. Be it unclogging the toilet or other plumbing issues; the treatment needs to done as soon as an alert is raised so that the people using the toilets might steer to their old ways if their toilets are no longer usable.